Famous Polish Scientists

Maria Skłodowska-Curie

(1867 – 1934) eminent physicist and chemist who received two Nobel Prizes; the first one jointly with P. Curie and A. H. Becquerel for radiation research, and the second one individually for her discovery of polonium and radium. During World War I she organized 20 mobile diagnostics units equipped with x-ray machines that helped with diagnosing 10,000 wounded soldiers. Later she established 220 x-ray clinics and trained their personnel that aided over 3 million French war veterans. In 1912 she helped found and equip the first Radiology Research Institute in Warsaw.