Famous Polish Scientists

Robert Remak

(1815 – 1865) made discoveries in neurology, histology, and embryology. After his microscope observations of nerve fibers, he was the first to describe the axon and to prove that the nerve fibers of the autonomic system do not have the myelin sheath called Remak fibers. After his discovery of the autonomic nerve fibers and their function they were named the Remak’s ganglia. He discovered and described the direct (amitotic) cell division and its processes now referred to as the Remak scheme. In his research on cell division and differentiation he identified the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm in the vertebrate embryos.