Description of courses for 5-year DDS Program

Description of Basic Science Courses »


  • Biophysics

    On completion of the course the students are expected to know:

    • The physical basis of the functioning of chosen body organs and the influence of physical factors on matter and the human body tissues essential in dental diagnostics and treatment.
    • Thermal and mechanical properties of solids and fluids in the context of dental materials.
    • Have basic skills in handling laboratory equipment, making laboratory measurements, proper presentation of experimental data, their analysis and estimation of the experimental uncertainties.
  • Dental Materials I

    The aim of the exercises during this course is to introduce students to the properties of materials used in prosthetic dentistry. Some manual exercises, especially in the dental technician work, will be performed. The theoretical aspects of gypsum, impression materials, and dental waxes will be presented and required for the final grade.

  • Exercises on a Phantom Head

    The overall goal of this course is for students to learn and develop foundational skills in tooth preparation (Black’s classification) and tooth restoration in simulation exercises. The psychomotor skills of the students in simulation conditions will be later applied in the clinic. Students will be introduced to the essential morphology of teeth, basic dental ergonomics, and to the fundamentals of: caries lesion classification, principles of cavity preparation, and tooth restoration. They will also be taught the isolation methods of the operative field. Their theoretical knowledge of biomaterials will be broadened by the clinical properties and the handling of composite resins and amalgam.

  • Physiology of the Masticatory Organ

    This course focuses on the: development of the masticatory organ; growth of the masticatory bones and muscles from birth to maturity; development of teeth; formation of occlusion; physiology of the basic functions of the masticatory organ; saliva secretion; and on the roles of the oral cavity in a normal bodily function.

  • Dental Materials II

    Upon completing this course, students should be competent at:

    • recognizing the currently used dental restorative materials with both their advantages and disadvantages
    • recognizing the currently used dental bases with their advantages and disadvantages
    • recognizing the currently used endodontic materials with their advantages and disadvantages
    • application techniques of the restorative materials, bases, and endodontic materials
    • reviewing the indications for the dental restorative materials, bases, and endodontic materials
    • designing effective indirect restorations based on the material’s biochemical properties
    • designing an effective root canal filling based on the material’s biochemical properties
    • should possess the knowledge of the:
    • science behind the use of dental materials
    • general properties required of dental restorative materials
    • key differences in the bonding, structure, and properties of polymers, alloys, cements, and chelates
    • composition and setting mechanisms of restorative dental materials, bases, and endodontic materials
    • material properties by which the clinical performance is assessed, i.e., the mechanical, chemical, physical, biological, adhesive, esthetic, and rheological properties
    • limitations of the restorative dental materials

    and be familiar with the:

    • aspects of material safety related to dentistry
    • biological response of the tissues to restorative dental materials
    • primary and secondary bonds
    • identification of the main groups of solid compounds based on those bonds
  • Dental Occlusion

    This course consists of exercises introducing students to the main aspects of manual work in prosthetic dentistry as well as to a dental technician’s work. Drawing, carving, and drilling take a major part of dental practice and the strengthening of these manual skills is the goal of these exercises. Students must learn the general anatomy of the teeth, the tooth numbering systems, and the basic rules of using dental instruments.

  • Dental Radiology

    Upon completing this course, students should be competent in:

    • recognizing anatomical structures that can be identified on different intra- and extra-oral images
    • recognition of the radiological features of common dental diseases
    • making an intra-oral periapical and bitewing x-ray image
    • making computer-based modifications of x-ray images obtained with the digital radiographic method
    • describing the principles of different imaging techniques such as CT, MRI, and US

    have the knowledge of:

    • physical properties of x-rays
    • different x-ray techniques used to obtain images of the skull, jaws, and teeth
    • ways of protecting patients and staff from the hazards of x-ray radiation
    • key differences between long- vs. short-cone apparatus for making an intra-oral x-ray image
    • limitations of particular imaging techniques
    • chemical processing of x-ray images
    • direct and indirect digital x-ray methods used today in dental practice

    and be familiar with the:

    • legal aspects of using ionized radiation
    • biological responses of the tissues to dental radiation
    • CBCT technique and its general applications to dentistry
  • Oral Pathology

    This course covers the following subjects: mucous membrane pathology; benign and malignant neoplasia of the connective tissue; neoplasia of the tooth-forming tissues; neoplastic changes in skeleton-forming tissues; diseases of the gingivae, periodontium, and teeth; diseases of the salivary glands; and diseases of the tongue.

  • Maxillofacial Surgery with Oncology

    In this course students will learn about first aid in maxillofacial injuries, symptoms of maxillofacial traumas, their diagnosis, and methods of treatment. Course participants will learn about the dentogenous and other origins of the inflammatory processes in the orofacial region. The maxillary sinus complications related to dental treatments will be discussed. The diagnostic problems and treatment of benign and malignant tumors of the oral cavity and the maxillofacial region will be presented. The knowledge of facial and orthognatic anomalies including their surgical treatment will be demonstrated.

  • Diseases of the Oral Mucosa

    This course will cover:

    • morphology, physiology and pathology of the mucosa
    • examination and differential diagnosis of diseases of the mucosa
    • drugs administered in the treatment of the diseases of the mucosa
    • clinical aspects, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases, keratotic disorders, and diseases caused by immunological disorders and allergic conditions
    • congenital defects of the mucosa
    • diseases of the minor salivary glands
    • discoloration of the mucosa — etiology, clinical aspects, and treatment
    • iatrogenic congenital changes in the mucosa
    • side effects of drugs in the oral cavity
    • dysplasias and dystrophic mucosal conditions
    • prosthetic and electrogalvanic inflammation of the oral cavity — etiology, clinical symptoms, and treatment
    • diseases of the mucosa with characteristic locations
    • diseases typical for pediatric and geriatric patients
    • ulceration of the mucosa
    • oncological prevention
    • oral effects of occupational exposure
  • Dental Prosthetics

    The course content is listed below.

    Complete prostheses:

    • clinical examination of the edentulous patient
    • anatomical impressions
    • functional impressions
    • registration of occlusion
    • positioning of teeth
    • complete denture fitting
    • denture control and correction
    • removable denture repair and relining
    • functional disturbances in the stomatognathic system
    • prosthetic procedures in periodontal diseases

    Skeletal dentures:

    • their structure, indications for, and clinical procedures
    • materials for and the making of a metal frame
    • prosthetic pathologies
    • prosthetic treatment of children and adolescents
    • selected issues in dental prosthetics
  • Pediatric Dentistry

    The full course content is listed below.

    • goals and objectives of developmental dentistry
    • management of children in a dental clinic
    • dental care in particular stages of ontogenesis
    • preventive and therapeutic procedures
    • assessment of developmental anomalies or defects
    • examining young patients
    • materials and drugs in pediatric dentistry
    • dental caries in children
    • diseases of the pulp and periapical tissues
    • periodontal diseases in children
    • common mucous membrane diseases in childhood and adolescence
    • dental procedures in the cases of suspected focal infection in children’s oral cavity
    • traumatic tooth injuries
    • symptoms of systemic diseases in children’s oral cavity, including infectious diseases
    • selected problems in the primary dental health care of children and adolescents
    • prosthetic and therapeutic procedures in childhood and adolescence
    • prevention
  • Introduction to Public Health

    The course focuses on the following issues:

    • equipment for a dental surgery clinic
    • costs of office management
    • documentation
    • legal requirements for running a dental surgery clinic
    • dental surgeon’s legal responsibilities
    • ethical aspects of the dental surgeon’s work
  • Advanced Endodontics (elective course)

    The course content is listed below.

    • basic principles of modern endodontics
    • methods of root canal preparation
    • diseases of the periapical tissues
    • surgical treatment methods used in endodontics
    • endodontics as a preparation for prosthodontic treatment/a prosthesis
    • scientific evaluation of the methods used in endodontics
  • Conservative Dentistry

    An overview of selected problems in adult dental treatment.
    Conservative treatment:

    • methods, techniques, and materials
    • treating multi-rooted teeth
    • the step-back method of preparing the root canal and filling it with the lateral condensation method
    • conservative dentistry and periodontal therapy as part of a complex treatment and rehabilitation of the masticatory apparatus
  • Orthodontics

    This course focuses on the diagnosis and methods of treating defects of the masticatory organ with the use of muscles, reeducation of dysfunctions, and various fixed and removable orthodontic devices. It also covers:

    • reasons for combined orthodontic-surgical or orthodontic-prosthetic team therapy
    • factors determining treatment effectiveness
    • implementation of preventive measures in orthodontics
  • Periodontal Disease

    • anatomy and physiology of the periodontium and the structures related to it
    • biological processes in the periodontium
    • prevention
    • epidemiology
    • microbiological and immunological aspects of periodontal disease
    • classification and indices of periodontal disease related to the presence of dental plaque
    • clinical diagnosis
    • goals and procedures for the treatment of the periodontal disease
    • surgical treatment
    • introduction to osteo-integrational biology
    • controlled tissue regeneration
    • traumatic occlusion in the etipoathogenesis of periodontal disease
    • prevention
    • complex treatment of periodontal disease
    • pharmacotherapy
  • Dental Surgery

    • pathological processes at the root apex
    • bone cysts of the jaw and soft tissues of the facial part of the skull
    • traumatology
    • diseases of the salivary glands and premalignant conditions
    • benign tumors in the oral cavity
    • diseases of the temporomandibular joints
    • surgical preparation of the oral cavity for the application of prostheses
    • diseases of the maxillary sinuses
    • diseases of selected cranial nerves
    • osteodystrophies of the jaws – diagnosis and differentiation
    • surgical treatment of periodontal disease
    • dental implants
    • AIDS and HIV
    • application of physiotherapy in dentistry
  • Geriatric Dentistry

    The activities in this course focus on presenting the characteristics of treating geriatric patients, on emphasizing the differences in the treatment of elderly patients as well as on the psychological and somatic aspects of their health.

    These activities include clinical exercises in conservative dentistry, periodontology, surgery, and prosthetic dentistry in the treatment room. During ten clinical sessions students treat geriatric patients using the procedures of: conservative dentistry, periodontology, surgery, and prosthetic dentistry. The activities in prosthetic dentistry include treatment with the use of various total dentures, treatment of prosthetic stomatopathy, relining and adaptation of old prostheses, discussion of some unique cases of prosthetic geriatric patients, and implants.

  • Ergonomics in Dentistry

    People in the dental profession are prone to long-lasting, one-sided injuries to their musculoskeletal system due to a high number of repetitive movements and positions. Upon completing this course, students should:

    • know the rules for organizing a dental office and managing dental work
    • know the ways of working with the patient placed in a supine position and without the help of a dental assistant
    • become familiar with the causes of muscoskeletal injuries related to their daily professional physical activities
    • learn the ways of preventing and reducing repetitive strain injuries and discomfort
    • know how to make ergonomic choices of and adjustments to the dominant/preferred hand and how to hold medical instruments in order to minimize repetitive strain
    • become familiar with the rules of dental work using magnifying glasses (lupes) and a surgical microscope
    • learn to estimate the risks of patient overload or physical strain and injury due to poor planning of patient visits both in the number and the type of dental procedures performed
    • apply stress reduction techniques to reduce physical and emotional exhaustion
  • Community Dentistry II

    The course content is listed below.

    • oral epidemiology
    • society and causes of social inequalities in oral health
    • oral health promotion
    • economic perspectives and analysis of public financing for dental care
    • food policy and the use of fluoride in the presentation of oral disease
    • delivery models of oral health care
    • dental examinations of school children at different ages and of different dentations
    • dental examinations of the elderly

    Seminar subjects:

      • historical background and current state of public oral health
      • types of community services for different population groups
      • types of community programs used in Europe and the United States
      • dental personnel involved in the community oral health programs
      • diagnostic tests used for caries detection and periodontal disease
      • measurement of the frequency and prevalence of oral disease
      • interpretation of the epidemiological studies in dentistry
      • salivary diagnostic tests — buffer capacity and microbial
      • sociological aspects of oral health
      • social stratification — class structures in relation to income, education, and occupation
      • social inequalities in lifestyle and oral health concerns
      • principles of and approaches to the oral health promotion
      • health education and existing patterns of dental health education
      • methods of economic analyses
      • cost-effectiveness and limitations to economic evaluations in dentistry
      • the effects of nutrition and diet on dental health
      • sugar consumption and its consequences for dental health
      • promotion of tooth-friendly candies and beverages
      • proper fluoridation methods for the community
      • decision-making about fluoridation
      • examples of dental care in different countries
      • introduction to the ART method — Atraumatic Restorative Technique
      • dental instruments for the ART method
      • ozone therapy in dental treatment
      • new chemical compounds in caries prevention — Recaldent
      • procedures of epidemiological dental examination according to the WHO instructions
      • oral hygiene aids and assessment of their effectiveness
      • problems of geriatric dentistry
      • procedures for dental examination according to the WHO instructions
      • oral hygiene aids and assessment of their effectiveness
      • examples of high-risk patients and their special needs in dental treatment
      • programs for patients with special needs
      • hospital conditions and the use of suitable resources for oral hygiene
      • temporary dental help in a hospital setting
  • Community Dentistry I

    This course is comprised of: Public Health, Epidemiology, Hygiene, and Medical Sociology.

    Its goal is to present the essential knowledge of the subjects mentioned above as well as to foster the development of appropriate attitudes and skills relevant to a future dentist who is active the social environment.

    Upon completing this course students should possess a basic understanding of public health as a science, as a medical discipline, and also as a field of practical activities, from the theoretical and practical point of view, and with reference to its historical as well as contemporary aspects. Emphasis will be placed on the way public health contributes to the health status of a population.

  • Oral Microbiology

    This course covers:

    • disinfection and sterilization methods
    • resident oral microflora
    • essentials of microbiological diagnostics
    • the genera: Staphylococcus (other coagulase-negative Staphylococci), Streptococcus (Viridans Streptococci: S. Mutans, S. Salivarius, and S. mitis), Neisseria (N. mucosa), Moraxella catarrhalis
    • the genera: Legionella, Listeria, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Propionibacterium
    • gram-negative rods, the genera: Haemophilus and Pseudomonas
    • anaerobic gram-positive bacteria
    • dental plaque
    • the role of saliva in the maintenance of oral health
    • dental caries
    • microbiology of periodontal diseases
    • microbiology of dentoalveolar infections
    • infections of the pulp, periapical tissues, and the jaw bone
    • actinomycosis
    • antimicrobial therapy for oral infections
    • spiral bacteria, the genera: Vibrio, Heliobacter, Borrellia, and Leptospira
    • fungi
    • viruses
    • diagnostic medical microbiology